Scope of Practice
Speech-language therapy is provided by a speech-language pathologist (SLP) who is a highly trained professional with a master's degree and has experience in assessing and treating communication disorders. SLPs can work in a variety of settings, including schools, hospitals, outpatient clinics, nursing homes, rehab cetners, and private practice.
The following are the most common skill areas that a speech-language pathologist treats in a school setting:
Articulation: Students may have difficulty saying certain sounds or words making it difficult for others to understand them.
Phonology: Students may have difficulty with certain patterns of sounds (such as leaving off the beginning or ending sounds in words, or one sound in consonant clusters
Receptive Language: Students may have difficulty understanding language. This may impact their ability understand what certain words mean or how to they go together. They may have difficulty following directions or answering questions appropriately.
Expressive Language: Students may have difficulty using language. It may be difficult to put words together in the right form or order, to express themselves clearly, or to know the vocabulary words they need when talking.
Fluency/Stuttering: A student may struggle at times to get words out or repeat part of whole words.
Pragmatic Language: A student may have difficulty understanding and using social communication. This may mean they have difficulty know what is appropriate to say and when it is appropriate to say it. It may be difficult to read other people’s nonverbal cues and to interact with others.