Curriculum Modification

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    • Eliminate repetitive/developmentally inappropriate instruction/assignments/resources.
    • Decrease the ambiguity of learning objectives. 
    • Increase the sophistication of the learning objectives/outcomes.
    • Revise objective(s) relates to major concepts, skills or principles within the discipline. 
    • Escalate students' involvement with higher order thinking skills. 
    • Provide direct or inductive instruction related to the revised objectives(s). 
    • Promote active student learning. 
    • Increase the authenticity of the resources.
    • Increase the breadth of the resources. 
    • Increase the authenticity of student products. 
    • Increase the likelihood of original student responses. 
    • Increase student motivation for learning. 
    • Student expectations are challenging, but feasible. 
    • Time allocations are realistic.
    • Increase the alignment among curricular components. 
    • Revisions increase the likelihood of achieving revised objectives. 
    • Incorporate performance-based assessment. 
    • Assessment is designed to measure gains with regard to learning objectives.  

    (Deborah E. Bums, Ph.D., University of Connecticut)